Knight, L., Kiss, L., Kyamulabi, A., Kasalirwe, F., Allen, E., Datzberger, S., ... & Tanton, C. (2022). Workplace Violence Against Adolescents, Uganda, 2014–2019. American journal of public health, 112(11), 1651-1661.

Objectives. To describe the prevalence of and risk factors for workplaceviolence among Ugandan adolescents. Methods. The analysis focused onadolescents recruited at primary schools who participated in the endlinesurvey of a trial in 2014 (at ages 11-14 years) and were followed up in2018-2019 (at ages 17-19 years). The analysis was restricted to those engagedin past-year paid work (n = 1406). We estimated the prevalence of past-yearworkplace violence and used mixed-effects multivariable logistic regressionto explore associations with characteristics measured in early adolescence,current life circumstances, and work-related factors. Methods. The analysisfocused on adolescents recruited at primary schools who participated in a2014 survey and were followed up in 2018-2019. The analysis was restricted tothose engaged in past-year paid work (n = 1406). We estimated the prevalenceof past-year workplace violence and used mixed-effects multivariable logisticregression to explore associations with characteristics measured in earlyadolescence, current life circumstances, and work-related factors. Results.Overall, 40% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 37%, 43%) of adolescents in paidwork experienced past-year workplace violence; odds were doubled among femaledomestic workers (vs retail/trade workers; adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.07;95% CI = 1.28, 3.35). Experiences measured in early adolescence, includingeating less than 3 meals the previous day, experiencing severe physicalviolence (male adolescents: AOR = 1.48; 95% CI = 1.11, 1.98; femaleadolescents: AOR = 1.69; 95% CI = 1.13, 2.53) and bullying, and having poormental health (male adolescents: AOR = 2.32 95% CI = 1.37, 3.92; femaleadolescents: AOR = 2.27; 95% CI = 1.05, 4.89), were associated with increasedodds of workplace violence. Current life circumstances (fewer householdassets, more moves, functional difficulties, poorer mental health) were alsoassociated with workplace violence. Conclusions. Interventions are needed toaddress the high prevalence of workplace violence across all sectors, withfemale domestic workers particularly vulnerable. Early prevention of violenceand poor mental health may be promising