Yucel, D., & Chung, H. (2021). Working from home, work–family conflict, and the role of gender and gender role attitudes. Community, Work & Family, 1-32.

Previous studies have shown that societal norms around gender roles canshape gender-based outcomes of working from home. This paper extends thesefindings to see how individuals’ gender role attitudes can moderate therelationship between working from home and work–family conflict, but againwith varying outcomes for men and women. We use data from around 3150employees who participated in wave 10 (2017–2018) of the German Family PanelSurvey (pairfam). Results suggest that compared to employees with fixed worklocations, those who work from home report higher levels of family-to-workconflict, but not higher work-to-family conflict. Positive associationsbetween working from home and both types of work – family conflict are foundonly for women, not for men. Specifically, the positive association betweenworking from home and family-to-work conflict is mainly present among womenwith traditional gender role attitudes, while the positive associationbetween working from home and work-to-family conflict is mainly present amongwomen with egalitarian gender role attitudes. No such variation, however, wasfound for men. This study highlights the importance of taking gender andgender role attitudes into account when examining the consequences of workingfrom home.