When work is your passenger: Understanding the relationship between work and commuting safety behaviors. By: Burch, Katrina A.; Barnes-Farrell, Janet L. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. Aug2020, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p259-274. 16p.

For those who  commute to and from work on a daily basis, this is an activity that  requires attention to both what one is doing and the environment, in  order for the commute to be done safely. Although research has shown  that work can spill over into home and other nonwork domains, little  attention has been paid to the impact that work may have on the  transition time between one’s work and nonwork domains. The present  study sought to examine the relationship between end-of-day job strain  and commuting stress with the safety of one’s commute through the  experience of work-related rumination. Data were collected via daily  diaries administered over 2 working weeks (i.e., 10 days) from  employees (N = 106) who worked full-time and commuted by private  vehicle on a daily basis. Using a daily diary approach allowed for the  examination of intraindividual variability in the study constructs of  interest, in an effort to understand the dynamics of the hypothesized  phenomena. Results indicate that at the intraindividual level, job  strain spills over to impact safety behaviors while commuting, mediated  by the experiences of work-related affective rumination, and commuting  stress impacts safety behaviors during the commute. Findings suggest  that the spillover between one’s work experiences into the commute have  the potential to impair the safety of employees outside the workplace.  Future research and implications for practice are discussed.