What Comes after Caring? The Impact of Family Care on Women's Employment. By: Ehrlich, Ulrike; Möhring, Katja; Drobnič, Sonja. Journal of Family Issues. Sep2020, Vol. 41 Issue 9, p1387-1419. 33p.

Previous research has shown that women providing family care  tend to decrease paid work. We take the opposite perspective and  examine how current and previous family care tasks influence women’s  likelihood to (re-)enter employment or to increase working hours.  Family care is defined as caring for an ill, disabled or frail elderly  partner, parent, or other family member. Using German Socio-Economic  Panel data, we apply Cox shared frailty regression modeling to analyze  transitions (1) into paid work and (2) from part-time to full-time work  among women aged 25–59. The results indicate that in the German policy  context, part-time working women providing extensive family care have a  lower propensity to increase working hours. When family care ends, the  likelihood that part-time working women change to full-time does not  increase. Homemaking women’s likelihood of entering the workforce is  not influenced by either current or previous family care tasks.