Views about cooperative marriage among sexual minority and heterosexual Chinese international students. By: Li, Yanbin and Patterson, Charlotte J. 2024. Family Relations. Vol. 73 Issue 2, p957-974.

Objective: We investigated heterosexual and nonheterosexual Chinese international students’ views about cooperative marriages and romantic relationships. Background: Cooperative marriages and romantic relationships are those in which two partners, one or both of whom self‐identify as nonheterosexual, consent and pretend to be a heterosexual couple as a means of relieving social pressures that require involvement in heterosexual relationships (Kam, 2013). Method: In total, 265 Chinese international students (Mage = 23 years) participated in an online survey; 210 self‐identified as heterosexual and 55 as members of sexual minority groups. Results: Students who identified as members of sexual minority groups reported few aspirations and unfavorable attitudes toward cooperativemarriages and relationships. Of the students identifying as members of sexual minority groups, those who envisioned future residence in foreign countries reported fewer aspirations for such relationships than their nonheterosexual peers who anticipated returning to China. Moreover, regardless of sexual identities, students who reported higher endorsement of traditional culturalvalues held less negative attitudes toward such relationships. For students who identified as members of sexual minority groups, stronger acculturation to the U.S. culture was associated with more negative attitudes toward such relationships. Conclusion: Our study found that Chinese international students identifying as members of sexual minority groups held unfavorable views about cooperative marriage and it highlighted the role of transnational mobility and cultures in these views. Implications: Our study implied the importance of cultural responsiveness in how health practitioners could better support individuals of diverse sexual identities and cultural backgrounds.