Chen, Wen‐Hao; Hou, Feng. Social Science Quarterly (Wiley-Blackwell). May 2019, Vol. 100 Issue 3, p885-896. 12p.

Objective: This article examines social mobility among the children of immigrants, whose population has become increasingly diverse over time. Methods: Using data from Canadian censuses, we focus on group differences by racial minority status in two aspects: (1) intergenerational progress in educational attainment, which indicates the ability to achieve higher education regardless of parents’ education, and (2) the relationship between education and labor market outcomes, which reveals the ability to convert educational qualifications into economic well‐being. Results: Our analysis in general paints a very positive picture for the children of immigrants regarding the first aspect, while mixed results are evident for the second aspect. In particular, some racial minority groups are characterized by high educational attainment and average earnings, while some experienced low education mobility across generations and low labor market returns to education. Conclusion: The results suggest that there are divergent paths of socioeconomic integration among the second‐generation racial minority groups.