Patient-Centeredness in Older Adults With Multimorbidity: Results of an Online Expert Delphi Study. By: Kivelitz, Laura; Schäfer, Jonas; Kanat, Manuela; Mohr, Jil; Glattacker, Manuela; Voigt-Radloff, Sebastian; Dirmaier, Jörg. Gerontologist. Oct2021, Vol. 61 Issue 7, p1008-1018. 11p.

Background and Objectives: Older adults suffering from multimorbidity represent a priority target group for patient-centeredness (PC). We aimed to investigate the transferability of an existing integrated model of PC comprising 15 dimensions on the care of older adults with multimorbidity from an expert perspective.

Research Design and Methods: A total of 242 experts were invited to participate in a 2-round online Delphi study. In round 1, they were asked to (a) individually rate relevance and clarity of the dimensions, (b) add missing dimensions, and (c) prioritize the dimensions. In round 2, experts received results of round 1 and were asked to rerate their ratings.

Results: Forty-eight experts participated in round 1 and 39 in round 2. Ten dimensions were rated as sufficiently relevant and clear, including one new dimension (“prognosis and life expectancy, burden of treatment”). Four dimensions were rated as relevant but insufficiently clear. One dimension failed to reach our validation threshold on both criteria. The 5 dimensions rated as most important were: “patient as a unique person,” “clinician–patient communication,” “patient involvement in care,” “physical, cognitive, and emotional support,” and “involvement of family and friends.”

Discussion and Implications: The experts’ ratings were higher regarding relevance than regarding clarity, which emphasizes the still existing conceptual uncertainty of PC. Our results give further directions regarding the operationalization of PC in older adults with multimorbidity, which is essential for its implementation in routine care. Further refined using focus groups with geriatric patients, our adapted model serves as a basis for a systematic review of assessment instruments.