Opportunities & Obstacles: Life On and Off the Job for Employees with Disabilities. Galinsky, Ellen; Goodman, Nanette; Kim, Stacy S.; and Bond, James T. 2020. Families and Work Institute. https://www.familiesandwork.org/research/2020/opportunities-and-obstacles-life-on-and-off-the-job-for-employees-with-disabilities

Most research on the employment of people with disabilities focuses on
the crucial issue of their ability to fnd jobs. Less research has been done
on their lives at work after they fnd jobs. Families and Work Institute (FWI),
the National Center on Leadership for the Employment and Economic
Advancement of People with Disabilities (LEAD), and the U.S. Department
of Labor’s Ofce of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) collaborated to
explore these issues in the 2016 National Study of the Changing Workforce
(NSCW).

Building on the U.S. Department of Labor’s 1977 Quality of Employment
Survey, this study was designed and conducted by Families and Work
Institute (FWI) in 1992, 1997, 2002, 2008, and in 2016, becoming a project
of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) in 2016. It is a
comprehensive nationally representative survey of employed people ages
18 and older in the U.S. In 2016, we included a series of questions to identify employees with disabilities, allowing researchers to explore their responses to essential questions about their lives on and of the jobs. (See the Methodology section for more information on data collection and sampling.)

More specifically, in this paper, we are able to answer two key questions:
• First, what types of disabilities do employed people in the U.S. have,
and what accommodations, if any, have their employers provided to
support their employment?
• Second, how do employees with disabilities compare with other U.S.
employees on the following?
• Personal demographics
• Caregiving responsibilities
• Employer and job characteristics
• The Efective Workplace Index
• Work schedule preferences and fexibility
• Work-family interference and job instability
• Job outcomes such as employee engagement,
job satisfaction and turnover intentions