Limbers, C. A., & Pavlov, C. L. (2021). Mothers’ Preferences for Their Children’s Format for Return to School During the Coronavirus Disease-2019 Pandemic: Are There Differences Between Full-Time Employed Mothers and Mothers Who are Not Employed?. Journal of Family Issues, 0192513X211044486.

The present study assessed factors associated with maternal preferencesfor their children’s educational format (i.e., completely in-person,completely online/remote, or hybrid of in-person and online/remote) forreturn to school during the COVID-19 pandemic and whether these associationsdiffered between full-time employed mothers and mothers who were notemployed. Participants were 911 mothers of school-aged children from theUnited States (full-time employed, n = 650; not employed, n = 261).Recruitment took place online via social media during Summer 2020.Questionnaires on school modality preference, maternal work status, anddemographic characteristics were filled out online through Qualtrics.Compared to mothers who were not employed, full-time employed mothers weremore likely to endorse a preference for a hybrid in-person and online/remoteeducational format for their children and less likely to endorse a preferencefor a completely online/remote educational format for their children. Thefactor most strongly associated with maternal preferences for theirchildren’s educational format for return to school in both groups of motherswas being worried about my child getting COVID-19 and their health beingseverely impacted (rs’s ranged from −56 to −58; p <.01). Regardless ofmaternal employment status, this factor continued to have the strongestassociation with a maternal preference for a completely online educationalformat in the polynomial regression analysis after controlling for relevantdemographic variables (Odds Ratios ranged from 3.63 to 37.64; p <.01). Thesefindings highlight that concerns about child health during the COVID-19pandemic influence maternal preferences for their children’s educationalformat, regardless of maternal employment status.