Valizade, D., Ali, M., & Stuart, M. (2022). Inequalities in the disruption of paid work during the Covid‐19 pandemic: A world systems analysis of core, semi‐periphery, and periphery states. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society.

This article reveals the extent of international inequalities in theimmediate impact of the COVID‐19 pandemic on participation in paid work.Drawing on World Systems Theory (WST) and a novel quasi‐experimental analysisof nationally representative household panel surveys across 20 countries, thestudy finds a much sharper increase in the likelihood of dropping out of paidwork in semi‐periphery and periphery states relative to core states. Weestablish a causal link between such international disparities and the earlytrajectories of state interventions in the labor market. Further analysisdemonstrates that within all three world systems delayed, less stringentinterventions in the labor market were enabled by right‐wing populism butmitigated by the strength of active labor market policies and collectivebargaining.