How organizational characteristics shape gender difference and inequality at work. By: Gorman, Elizabeth H.; Mosseri, Sarah. Sociology Compass. Mar2019, Vol. 13 Issue 3, pN.PAG-N.PAG. 1p.

Why should students and scholars who are interested in gender difference  and inequality study organizations? In recent years, as research on  organizations has migrated to business schools and become less  connected to other subfields of the discipline, the value of  organizational sociology has become less evident to many. Yet  characteristics of organizations contribute in important ways to  producing different experiences and outcomes for women and men, by  constraining certain individual actions and enabling or bringing about  others. In this essay, we trace the consequences of four categories of  organizational characteristics—the formal structure of work, employment  practices, informal structure and culture, and organizational networks  and fields—for gender inequality in three areas: workplace experiences,  work–family conflict, and career outcomes. We close with some brief  reflections on future directions for research linking organizations and  gender. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12660. (AN:  135059351)