Evening and night work schedules and children's social and emotional well-being. By: Kaiser, Till; Li, Jianghong; Pollmann-Schult, Matthias. Community, Work & Family. Apr2019, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p167-182. 16p.

An emerging body of evidence shows that parents’ non-standard  work schedules have a detrimental effect on children’s well-being.  However, only a limited number of studies have investigated mediating  factors that underpin this association. Likewise, only a few studies  have examined the impact of fathers’ non-standard work schedules on  children’s well-being. Based on data from the Families in Germany Study  (FiD), this study aimed to address these research gaps. The sample  consists of parents and their children at ages 7-8 and 9-10 (n = 838  child observations in dual-earner families). The data were collected in  the years 2010-2013. Non-standard work hours were defined as working in  evenings and or at night (every day, several times a week, or changing  as shifts). Children’s social and emotional well-being was measured  with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The findings  show that both mothers’ and fathers’ evening and night work schedules  are linked to an increase in children’s externalizing and internalizing  behavior and that this association is partially mediated by mothers’  and fathers’ harsh and strict parenting, with a stronger mediation  effect for fathers parenting.