Elements of Long-Term Care That Promote Quality of Life for Indigenous and First Nations Peoples: A Mixed Methods Systematic Review. By: Brooks, Deborah; Johnston, Sandra; Parker, Christina; Cox, Leonie; Brodie, Melissa; Radbourne, Catherine and MacAndrew, Margaret. 2024. Gerontologist. Vol. 64 Issue 1, p1-22.

Background and Objectives Little is known about elements of long-term care (LTC) that promote quality of life (QoL) for older Indigenous and First Nations peoples. This systematic review aimed to extend understanding of those deemed most important. Research Design and Methods Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines,systematic database and hand-searching were used to find published and unpublished qualitative studies and textual reports. A convergent integrated approach was used to synthesize data, according to the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for mixed methods systematic reviews. Results Included papers (11 qualitative; seven reports) explored views and experiences of Indigenous residents, families, and LTC staff from North America (8), South Africa (1), Norway (1), New Zealand (1), and Australia (7). Elements of care included: (a) codesigning and collaborating with Indigenous and First Nations communities and organizations to promote culturally safe care; (b) embedding trauma-informed care policies and practices, and staff training to deliver culturally safe services; (c) being respectful of individual needs, and upholding cultural, spiritual and religious beliefs, traditional activities and practices; (d) promoting connection to culture and sense of belonging through sustained connection with family, kin, and Indigenous and FirstNations communities. Discussion and Implications This review identifies elements or models of care that promote QoL for Indigenous and First Nations peoples in LTC. While included papers were mostly from the United States and Australia, the congruence of elements promoting QoL was evident across all population groups. Findings may be used to inform standards specific to the care of Indigenous and First Nations peoples.