Earnings inequality and the expansion of care services in the United States, 1985–2019. By: Gautham, Leila; Folbre, Nancy and Smith, Kristin. 2024. Industrial Relations Journal. Vol. 55 Issue 2, p119-140.

Earnings in care services are lower than in other industries, particularly among professional and managerial employees, and are morecompressed than in other industries. The growth of primarily female employment in care services since the 1980s has buffered overall increases in wage inequality while slowing convergence in the gender wage differential.