Dynamics of Claims Making and Gender Wage Gaps in the United States and Norway. By: Reisel, Liza; Østbakken, Kjersti Misje; Attewell, Paul. Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society. Spring2019, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p87-115.

This paper compares claims making and gender wage gaps in the United States and Norway, and asks how public sector employment moderates the association between gender segregation and the gender gap in wages in the two countries. Using nationally representative data and hierarchical linear modeling, we analyze gender wage gaps within and between job types. The analyses show that job types heavily concentrated in the public sector, effectively insulated from regular market dynamics, have small if any gender wage gaps. Drawing on relational inequality theory, we argue that this results from the absence of opportunities for individual level claims making. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1093/sp/jxy019. (AN: 135080949) Turning Welfare-Reliant Women into Entrepreneurs: Employment Readiness Workshops and the Constitution of the Entrepreneurial Self in Israel. By: Helman, Sara. Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society. Spring2019, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p116-138. 23p. Abstract: This article shows how two different subjectivities promoted by neoliberal discourses—that of the entrepreneur and that of the docile workers—are interwoven in the discourse of coaches leading employment readiness workshops conducted in a workfare program in Israel. Three main discursive strategies, “between entrepreneurialism and docility,” “rehearsing employability: the labor market as a second family,” and “happiness and positive psychology,” interwove appeals to simultaneously identify as docile workers and enterprising selves. The findings presented in this article underscore how class (and gender) are re-scripted as individual barriers by exhorting welfare-reliant women to become an entrepreneurial job seeker. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1093/sp/jxy020. (AN: 135080950)