Double Trouble: The Burden of Child-rearing and Working on Maternal Mortality. By: Bucher-Koenen, Tabea; Farbmacher, Helmut; Guber, Raphael; Vikström, Johan. Demography. Apr2020, Vol. 57 Issue 2, p559-576. 18p.

We document increased old-age mortality rates among Swedish mothers of twins compared with mothers of singletons, using administrative data on mortality for 1990-2010. We argue that twins are an unplanned shock to fertility in the cohorts of older women considered. Deaths due to lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart attacks-all of which are associated with stress during the life course-are significantly increased. Stratifying the sample by education and pension income shows the highest increase in mortality rates among highly educated mothers and those with above-median pension income. These results are consistent with the existence of a double burden on mothers’ health resulting from simultaneously child-rearing and working.