Düval, S. (2023). Do men and women really have different gender role attitudes? Experimental insight on gender-specific attitudes toward paid and unpaid work in Germany. Social Science Research, 112, 102804.

This article uses a novel experimental approach to measure whether menand women actually differ in their gender role attitudes. Recent research hasshown that operationalizing gender role attitudes on a unidimensional scaleranging from “egalitarian” to “traditional” is problematic. Instead, theirmultidimensionality must to be taken into account. Similarly, an idealmeasurement tool should consider that gender norms are applied conditionally,i.e., extensive information on the situational context must be provided. Inthis article, both preconditions are met by using a multifactorial surveyexperiment. The vignettes used in the survey experiment contain extensivecontextual information on fictional couples’ division of paid and unpaidwork. In addition, the experimental variation of this information (e.g., thevignette persons’ gender, the presence and age of children, and the partners’shares of paid and unpaid work) allows to disentangle the differentdimensions that may influence (different) gender role attitudes of men andwomen. Results show no gender difference in attitudes: On average, men andwomen have “classical” egalitarian gender role attitudes. • Factorial surveyexperiment on gender role attitudes/gender norms in Germany. • Evidence thatmen and women do not differ in their gender role attitudes. • Work divisionshould not be based on gender, but trade-off paid and unpaid works.