Differential eligibility for paid leave benefits in OECD countries: The impact of tenure requirements for young workers. By: de Guzman Chorny, Nicolas; Raub, Amy; Earle, Alison; Heymann, Jody. Community, Work & Family. Apr2021, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p193-207. 15p.

Research has shown health and economic benefits to having access to paid family and medical leave, yet eligibility requirements restrict coverage. The impact and variation of these requirements across countries have not been studied. This study addresses this gap using original data on legislated tenure requirements and worker tenure as reported in national household surveys from countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to estimate the percentage of workers who would not be eligible for paid leave benefits because of tenure requirements. As the need for different types of leave varies over the life course, ineligibility rates are estimated by age. Findings show that across all types of leave, younger workers (age 20?29 years) were substantially less likely to be eligible than older workers, and that rates of ineligibility declined consistently with each five-year increase in age. This study highlights the important health and economic implications of policy design decisions that can exclude vulnerable sectors of the population.