Rich-Edwards, J. W., Rocheleau, C. M., Ding, M., Hankins, J. A., Katuska, L. M., Kumph, X., ... & Lawson, C. C. (2022). COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake and Factors Affecting Hesitancy Among US Nurses, March–June 2021. American Journal of Public Health, 112(11), 1620-1629.

Objectives. To characterize COVID-19 vaccine uptake and hesitancy amongUS nurses. Methods. We surveyed nurses in 3 national cohorts during spring2021. Participants who indicated that they did not plan to receive or wereunsure whether they planned to receive the vaccine were considered vaccinehesitant. Results. Among 32 426 female current and former nurses, 93% hadbeen or planned to be vaccinated. After adjustment for age, race/ethnicity,and occupational variables, vaccine hesitancy was associated with lowereducation, living in the South, and working in a group care or home healthsetting. Those who experienced COVID-19 deaths and those reporting personalor household vulnerability to COVID-19 were less likely to be hesitant.Having contracted COVID-19 doubled the risk of vaccine hesitancy (95%confidence interval [CI] = 1.85, 2.53). Reasons for hesitancy that werecommon among nurses who did not plan to receive the vaccine werereligion/ethics, belief that the vaccine was ineffective, and lack of concernabout COVID-19; those who were unsure often cited concerns regarding sideeffects or medical reasons or reported that they had had COVID-19.Conclusions. Vaccine hesitancy was unusual and stemmed from specificconcerns. Public Health Implications. Targeted messaging and outreach mightreduce vaccine hesitancy