Congruence in Preferences and Expectations of Work-Family Role Management: Operationalization and the Relation with Work-Family Balance and Spousal Support. By: Junker, Nina M.; van Dick, Rolf. Sex Roles. Jun2020, Vol. 82 Issue 11/12, p644-658. 15p.

Employees with children differ in how they want to manage their work and family roles. By integrating the literature on boundary management and role prioritization, we develop a visual measure to assess five such preferences: work-centric (i.e., prioritizing work over family), family-centric (i.e., prioritizing family over work), and three dual-centric preferences (i.e., emphasizing both roles to a similar extent), which differ in the degree to which working parents aim to blend their work and family roles, resulting in merging, integrating, or segmenting preferences. We test the validity of our measure in two studies (ns = 156 and 172) with employed German parents. Next, in Study 3 (n = 146, two measurement points), also with employed German parents, we propose and empirically support that congruence between employees’ preferences and spouses’ expectations on how they should combine their work and family roles relates to employees’ satisfaction with work-family balance and perceptions of spousal support. Overall, our results point to the importance of similarity between how one wants to manage work and family roles and how spouses expect one to manage these roles. Thereby, the measure developed in the present studies represents an economical way to assess these preferences and expectations, which can serve as a starting point for interventions to increase congruence.