Communication about children's origins among same‐gender adoptive parent families in Belgium, France, and Spain. By: Messina, Roberta; Farr, Rachel H. and Tasker, Fiona. 2024. Family Relations. Vol. 73 Issue 2, p1379-1400.

Objective: This study explored communication about children’s origins among same‐gender parent adoptive families. Background: Although this topic has been widely researched among different‐gender parent adoptive families, communication about origins among those with same‐gender parents, as well as sexual minority identity dynamics relevant to this crucial task, remain unexplored. Method: A sample of same‐gender adoptive couples (N = 31) from Belgium, France, and Spain with children aged between 4 and 18 years (Mage = 8.9 years) participated in a semistructured interview and a graphic projective test aimed at explore their feelings and communication process about their adopted child’s birth family. Results: Inductive thematic analysis yielded a continuum of three main stances conveyed by adoptive parents regarding their child’s origins: (a) critical/minimization, (b) cautious/uncertainty, and (c) open/validation. The first (critical/minimization) was associated with experiences of sexual minority stigma and poorer communication about children’s origins and sexual minority family‐related issues, while the second (cautious/uncertainty) wascharacterized by mixed feelings (i.e., at times open, at times critical) in communicating about origins and parents’ sexual minority experiences. The third (open/validation) was associated with positive feelings toward adoptive and sexual minority family statuses, as well as identity integration as a lesbian or gay parent and low internalized sexual stigma. Conclusion: Our findings underline the importance of sexual minority identity issues in relation to communication about children’s origins in same‐gender parent adoptive families. Implications: These findings have important implications for both adoption assessment and therapeutic work with same‐gender adoptive parent families.