Moser, C. E., & Branscombe, N. R. (2022). Communicating inclusion: How men and women perceive interpersonal versus organizational gender equality messages. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 03616843221140300.

Interpersonal allyship may serve as a justice cue to signal that an environment is fair to women without increasing men’s expectations of anti-male bias. We investigated how exposure to justice cues communicated at the interpersonal and organizational level impact men’s and women’s perceptions of procedural justice and fairness at an organization. Men and women were asked to imagine working at one of three randomly assigned male-dominated workplaces. Women who imagined working with a White man who was a gender-equality ally (Study 1, N = 352, and Study 2, N = 488) perceived the organization as more procedurally just, identified more strongly with the organization, and were less likely to view their gender as a disadvantage compared to women who imagined a workplace with an organizational diversity statement (Study 2 only) or a control workplace with no justice cues. Men did not view the ally nor the diversity statement negatively in either study. Integrative data analysis revealed medium to large effects (Cohen’s d range .74–1.30) across dependent measures included in both studies. Our results suggest that interpersonal allyship from men is a practical way to promote women’s expectations of fair treatment without increasing the threat of anti-male bias among men.