Lee, K. T., Jekal, J. W., & Kim, J. H. (2023). Client Briefing for Introducing Value Management to Establish Daycare Center Guidelines for the Republic of Korea. Journal of Management in Engineering, 39(3), 04023011.

Daycare centers are the first spaces where children develop socialrelationships and enhance their senses through public education. Despite itssignificance, marginal guidelines are provided for the design of centers inthe Republic of Korea (ROK); thus, clients have different perceptions of thepriority of functions. To bridge these gaps, in this study, guideline fordaycare center planning were established by applying value management (VM),rarely introduced in the ROK. First, importance-performance analysis wasconducted to identify the gap between the ideal and status of daycare centersbased on the developed framework. The analysis results explain the attitudetoward risk perception of end-users and construction practitioners. The VMworkshop process was then executed thoroughly, and diverse perceptions ofrisk factors for each space in the daycare center were moderated to propose asample drawing and guideline. Compared with existing drawings, the roomarrangement was improved for utilization and safety, and materials weredeveloped to increase eco-friendliness and safety. The introduction of VM toestablish daycare center guidelines suggested that continuous communicationto coordinate perceptions supports the integration of stakeholder opinionsbased on the required space with reduced risks. The unification of theoverall goal with a reasonable solution could be identified through the VMprocess. However, the lack of top management support and inexperience in VMare hindrances to overcome in the context of the ROK. Therefore, theencouragement of clients’ participation actively and systematically in the VMprocess by establishing governance is necessary to increase user satisfactionand outputs. Based on the importance-performance analysis conducted in thepre-VM workshop, it was possible to identify and compare the differences inperceptions of representative stakeholders. Therefore, it could support theunderstanding of the interests of stakeholders participating in the projectin advance through systematic steps, rather than by simply applying VM. Thisresearch provided opportunities for stakeholders who do not experienced VMworkshops in the ROK. It helped to identify which part was insufficientduring the VM workshop. VM can be used in a more advanced way now that theinterests of different stakeholders have been taken into account. Thus,environments in which VM can be applied can be expanded, thereby reducing thecost, as the basic purpose of VM, is increasing information sharing andcommunication and, in turn, increasing the quality and performance of theoutput as well as trust among stakeholders. If the guidelines and sampledrawing generated in this research are followed in a practical manner,daycare facilities with reasonable building costs and appropriatefunctionality can be established, as the opinions of representativestakeholders and experts are genuinely reflected. These aspects are animprovement over the existing plans; therefore, they could increase thesatisfaction of end-users.