Childcare ideals among second generation Muslim Moroccan immigrants in Flanders. By: Wood, Jonas. 2024. Community, Work & Family. Vol. 27 Issue 2, p170-187.

The materialization of positive effects connected to formal childcare uptake for parents and children – particularly those with vulnerable backgrounds – critically depends on attitudes towards uptake among different population subgroups, such as immigrants, or their descendants. However, such population heterogeneity has hitherto been insufficiently acknowledged. As a result, this study uses 24 in-depth interviews to uncover varying maternal employment and childcare ideals, presenting a typology for Muslim Descendants of Moroccan Immigrants in Flanders. I demonstrate that the previously identified Flemish ideal of the ‘surrogate mother’ does not apply to mothers on the intersection of being a worker, having a second generation Moroccan migration background, and being Muslim. Furthermore, highlighting heterogeneity within this group, empirical support is provided for fivedifferent positions with respect to maternal employment and childcare ideals. Hence this study contributes to the available literature on childcare ideals by focusing on a subgroup of particular importance, second generation Muslim Moroccan immigrants, and indicating considerable variation in motherhood and childcare ideals even within this subgroup. In addition to the theoreticalcontribution of the typology, the article also provides essential input to policy makers on particular care ideals and related needs.