Characteristics of Nursing Home Providers With Distinct Patterns of Physical and Occupational Therapy Staffing. By: Livingstone, Ian; Hefele, Jennifer; Leland, Natalie. Journal of Applied Gerontology. Apr2021, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p443-451. 9p.

Previous work found a substantial growth in therapy staffing among nursing home providers following the introduction of Medicare’s Prospective Payment System (PPS). Since the PPS, however, several new Medicare policies have been implemented that may impact the provision of rehabilitative care in nursing homes. In view of the rising focus on patient outcomes and provider performance, it is worthwhile to explore more recent therapy staffing patterns following the introduction of these Medicare programs. While our results show stable staffing levels through prior policy changes, upcoming Medicare payment changes will likely have a stronger impact that may result in reduced therapy staffing. In addition, given that our findings show that staffing patterns vary across provider type, we may see greater variation as a result of the upcoming changes. Thus, therapy staffing should continue to be monitored and deeper explorations into the impact of staffing changes on patient outcomes should be undertaken.