Reynolds, J., & James, K. (2021). Blessing or Burden: Transitions Into Eldercare and Caregiver Mental Health. Journal of Family Issues, 0192513X211042842.

Caring for one’s parents can be good or bad for mental health. Guided bytheories suggesting that caregiving work brings both demands and benefits, weexamine if mental health outcomes depend on variations in caregivingarrangements. Using waves 5–17 from the Household Income and Labor Dynamicsin Australia Survey (16,802 respondents; 115,176 person-years), we divide menand women caregivers into four groups based on their responsibility (main vs.secondary caregiver) and the location of the care recipient (inside oroutside the caregiver’s household). We also examine how caregivers’experiences are moderated by the social support they have. On average,caregivers experience no change in mental health. However, women with lowsocial support who become main caregivers for resident parents experiencedeclines in mental health. Men with low social support who become maincaregivers for non-resident parents experience improved mental health. Theseresults suggest that caregiver outcomes reflect different caregivingarrangements.