Between Social Inclusion and Exclusion: Integration of Daycare Guests in the Nursing Home Setting. By: Hämel, Kerstin; Röhnsch, Gundula. Gerontologist. Oct2021, Vol. 61 Issue 7, p1030-1040.

Background and Objectives: In integrated daycare, community-dwelling older people in need of care join existing groups in residential care facilities during the day. This study focuses on how nursing home residents experience the integrative care approach, exploring opportunities for social inclusion and mechanisms of exclusion.

Research Design and Methods: A purposive sample of residents differing in cognitive capacity and level of (non)conflictual interaction with daycare guests was selected. Episodic interviews with residents (N = 10) and close relatives (N = 2) were conducted in 3 pilot facilities in Germany and analyzed using thematic coding.

Results: The analysis revealed different orientation patterns towards the presence of daycare guests: respondents (a) demonstrated indifference to the daycare guests, (b) saw bonding with guests as a means to connect to the outside world, and (c) perceived incompatibility between in-group and out-group. Criticisms included disruption of daily routines and loss of privacy. Most interviewees came to terms with the care situation using rational and moral arguments.

Discussion and Implications: The study reveals the importance of residents’ participation when integrating daycare guests. Institutional procedures are required to prevent exclusion of daycare guests and avoid overtaxing residents.