“Currently, there is not a strong consensus among scholars as to what constitutes a work-life policy. Arthur and Cook…broadly define work-life initiatives as “any program designed to alleviate individual conflict between work and family.” Moreover, three primary categorizations are generally implemented when examining work-life initiatives: dependent care, family leave, and flexible scheduling. Dependent care focuses primarily on childcare and eldercare. Policies considered as dependent care may vary greatly such as on-site childcare to information assistance for eldercare. Family leave encompasses maternity and paternity leave, as well as any other paid or unpaid family leave policies. And flexible scheduling may entail any policies that allow flexibility with regard to time worked, location worked, or other scheduling arrangements.” (Cook, 2004)

Cook, A. (2004). Corporate decision-making process: How organizations decide to adopt work/life initiatives: A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia entry. Retrived February 21, 2007, from