“Virtual work, whereby individuals work from home, “on the road,” or otherwise outside of traditional, centralized offices, is an important and growing phenomenon (Wiesenfeld & Garud, 2001).”
Related: Virtual Teams, Definition(s) of “Many companies use virtual teams of geographically dispersed people to work on short- and long-term projects. A “virtual” team is one that conducts its work almost entirely through electronic technology (Grosse, 2002).”

Wiesenfeld.B, Raghuram, S., & Garud, R. (2001). Organizational identification among virtual workers: The role of need for affiliation and work-based social support. Journal of Management, 27, 213-229. Grosse, C.U. (2002). Managing communication with virtual intercultural teams. Business Communication Quarterly, 65(4), 22-38.