“Spillover theory postulates the conditions under which the spillover between the work microsystem and the family microsystem is positive or negative. Research documents that if work-family interactions are rigidly structured in time and space, then spillover in terms of time, energy and behavior is generally negative. Research also supports the notion that work flexibility, which enables individuals to integrate and overlap work and family responsibilities in time and space, leads to positive spillover and is instrumental in achieving healthy work and family balance” (p. 222).

Hill, E.J., Ferris, M., & Martinson, V. (2003). Does it matter where you work? A comparison of how three work venues (traditional office, virtual office, and home office) influence aspects of work and personal/family life. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 63, 220-241.