“[Some] feminist legal scholars advocate “special treatment” of pregnant employees based on the argument that pregnancy places special burdens on women because of real physiological differences between men and women (Dowd, 1986).  Proponents of special treatment argue that because male norms govern most workplaces, treating women exactly the same as men in all the terms and conditions of their employment ends up putting women at a disadvantage relative to men (Kenney, 1995).” (Thornton)

Thornton, S. (2005). Pregnancy Discrimination Act, a Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia entry. Retrieved May 10, 2007, from the Sloan Work and Family Research Network website: