“Throughout the 20th century job insecurity has been a pervasive problem for workers who labored in the secondary labor market. The low value “deskilled” jobs that comprise the secondary labor market offered workers neither the avenues to develop skills, nor the ability to independently bargain for favorable compensation (Braverman, 1974; Piore, 1977; Ritzer, 1996). Large proportions of the contemporary workforce, especially those in the retail and service sectors, labor in these types of jobs.”

Sweet, S. (2006). Job insecurity, a Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia entry. Retrieved May 10, 2007, from the Sloan Work and Family Research Network website: