“…a.) working no more than the median number of hours worked per week by other physicians of one’s own gender…for at least the preceding 3 months; and b.) considering oneself to be working reduced hours.” (Barnett & Gareis, 2000)

Barnett, R.C., Gareis, K. (2000). Reduced-Hours Employment: The Relationship Between Difficulty of Trade-Offs and Quality of Life. Work and Occupations 27(2), p.168-187