“The study of labor-management relations (LMR) refers to the rules and policies which govern and organize employment, how these are established and implemented, and how they affect the needs and interests of employees and employers. LMR has implications for the organization of work as well as economic policy. Focus gradually has broadened from the formation and operation of national and local institutions and collective bargaining to strategic human resource policies. Most recently a multi-level agenda has formed, following new needs for regulation in world trade, in the extended European Union, and in former communist and newly industrialized countries.” (Von Otter, 2007)

Von Otter, C. (2007). Labor-management relations. In  G. Ritzer (Ed.), Blackwell encyclopedia of sociology. Blackwell Publishing. Blackwell Reference Online. Retrieved June 13, 2007, from