“Focuses on interactions and exchanges between families and other (micro, meso, exo and macro) systems.” (Edwards citing Hogan).
“Argues that middle-class parents endow their children with a cultural capital of various linguistic and cultural competences. Schools require these competences (whose content is controlled by the rich) for educational success, yet fail to teach them.” Hogan, 2001).

As defined by Edwards citing Hogan in Social Capital, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College. entry. Retrieved from: Hogan, J. M. (2001). Social capital: potential in family social sciences. Journal of Socio-Economics, 30, 151-155.