“…the ability to make work-related decisions. When employees can make decisions related to the way they work, they are able to devise coping strategies than can mitigate the effects of stress” (Halpern, D.F., 159).
The job decision latitude model “asserts that individuals will experience adverse health consequences from their work when it makes high demands on them while allowing them little personal control” (Ganster, D.C. et al, 954).

Ganster, D.C., Fox M.L., & Dwyer, D.J. (2001). Explaining employees’ health care costs: a prospective examination of stressful job demands, personal control, and physiological reactivity. Journal of Applied Psychology (86), 954-964. Halpern, D.F. (2005). How time-flexible work policies can reduce stress, improve health, and save money. Stress and Health (21), 157-168.