A multidimensional concept that includes a feeling of belonging, the sense that the individual and the group matter to each other, the feeling that members’ needs will be met through group resources, and shared history and experience (Voydanoff citing McMillan & Chavis).

As defined by Voydanoff citing McMillan & Chavis: McMillan, D. W., & Chavis, D. M. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 6-23.