“Researchers generally agree there are three “foci” used to classify types of organizational commitment. The three types of commitment are affective, continuous, and normative commitment. Affective commitment refers to employees’ perceptions of their emotional attachment to or identification with their organization.”(Williams)

Williams, J. (2004). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia entry. Retrieved May 10, 2007, from the Sloan Work and Family Research Network website: