Work Time and Gender Inequities


  • Juliet Schor

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2003


  • Childcare
  • Gender
  • Income
  • Mothers/Motherhood
  • Work and Family


  • Sociology


This entry addresses the barriers to women’s advancement in the labor market, and hence to a major source of gender inequality. While women and men now begin their careers with rough parity, women frequently fail to advance. One reason is the conflict between the temporal demands of paying jobs and those of motherhood. Both are time-intensive and demanding. Work norms in paid employment are high, and career success depends on meeting those norms. Employers are resistant to reductions in hours. The norms of mothering and other care responsibilities are also high. Within the household, women retain disproportionate responsibility for taking care of children and others.

Link:Work_Time-Gender_Inequities encyclopedia