Work and Family: A Cross-Cultural Psychological Perspective


  • Maggie Shafiro
  • Leslie Hammer

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2004


  • Culture
  • Global
  • International
  • Work and Family


  • Psychology


The majority of work-family studies have been conducted in the United States and other Western countries (e.g., Greenhaus & Parasuraman, 1999). There is a growing recognition, however, that larger social, cultural, and political contexts may affect individuals’ perceptions and experiences within the work-family domain (Ishii-Kuntz, 1993; Lewis, 1992, 1999; Lobel, 1991; Schein, 1984; Westman, 2002). Consequently, there is an increasing number of studies that examine work-family issues in a cross-cultural context. We will first discuss major characteristics of studies that are often included under the umbrella of cross-cultural psychology and the different levels of analysis and measurement associated with this research. We will then move on to discuss specific cultural values that are of particular importance in the study of work and family. Importantly, the present entry is predominantly limited to the review of the psychological research on work-family issues across cultures. For further insights and different perspectives on this topic, the reader should consult sociological literature.

Link:Cross-Cultural_Psychological_Perspective encyclopedia