Role Stress/ Strain and Work-Family


  • Rosalind Barnett

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2002


  • Changing Families
  • Roles
  • Stress
  • Work and Family


  • Gender Studies


The nature of the interface between the workplace and the family is the keystone of the work-family construct. The interface can vary from positive to negative. Usually the term work-family connotes the conflict that arises when an employee tries to fulfill the responsibilities of roles in both domains. Although time limitations are the most common cause of work-family conflict, such conflict can arise because of incompatibilities due to the strain, energy, or behavioral requirements of these different roles. Also, workfamily (WFC) has been disaggregated into two components: work interfering with family (WIF) and family interfering with work (FIW) (Gutek, 1991). Less frequently, work-family refers to the rewards that an employee accrues from simultaneously occupying roles in both arenas. Lack of consistency in the definition and the measurement of work-family conflict and work-family enhancement often make it difficult to compare findings across studies (MacDermid, et al, 2000).

Link:Role_Stress_Strain encyclopedia