• Wendy Casper

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2004


  • Recruitment/Retention
  • Work and Family


  • Business and Management


Recruitment involves the utilization of organizational practices to influence the number and types of individuals who are willing to apply for job vacancies (Rynes, 1991; Rynes & Cable, 2003). Recruitment can focus on the internal labor market (i.e., pursuing staff already employed by the organization) or the external labor market (i.e., pursuing applicants from outside the organization). Internal candidates can be recruited through internal job postings, word-of-mouth, or internship programs. Organizational practices used to recruit from external labor markets include employment advertising, employee referral programs, job fairs, college campus recruitment, employment agencies, rehiring former employees, or networking (Zottoli & Wanous, 2000). Recruitment is a topic of importance in the study of work and family because family issues can influence the job choices that people make. Accordingly, an organization’s success in recruitment may be influenced by the degree to which they can accommodate these family issues. In the reminder of this section, several important recruitment-related concepts are defined. This is followed by a discussion of the importance of work-family issues to recruitment, a review of the state of current knowledge on this topic, and a discussion of the implications for research and practice in this area.

Link:Recruitment encyclopedia