Nonstandard Work Schedules and Childcare Arrangements
- Amanda C. Barnes, M.S., PhD Candidate in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro
- Heather M. Helms, Ph.D., Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Document type: Encyclopedia Entry
Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia
Nonstandard (NS) work schedules can be challenging for many American families especially those with children, as they must navigate relationships, housework, family time, and childcare (Presser 2004; Presser and Ward 2011). Additionally, NS schedules are not evenly distributed across families (Presser 2003). NS schedules shape parent childcare choice and the childcare arrangements that are accessible and available to families. It is important to understand what type of care families working NS hours use for their children (home-based, center-based, and relative care), as childcare impacts children’s developmental outcomes. The type of care used by parents working NS hours has been found to differ based on family structure (single parent and two-partner households) and parent work stability and predictability.