Life Satisfaction

Author(s):

  • Nicholas Beutell

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2006

Topic:

  • Wellbeing
  • Work and Family

Discipline:

  • Business and Management

Abstract:

Life satisfaction is an overall assessment of feelings and attitudes about one’s life at a particular point in time ranging from negative to positive. It is one of three major indicators of well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect (Diener, 1984). Although satisfaction with current life circumstances is often assessed in research studies, Diener, Suh, Lucas, & Smith (1999) also include the following under life satisfaction: desire to change one’s life; satisfaction with past; satisfaction with future; and significant other’s views of one’s life. Related terms in the literature include happiness (sometimes used interchangeably with life satisfaction), quality of life, and (subjective or psychological) well-being (a broader term than life satisfaction). The research on life satisfaction and cognate concepts is extensive and theoretical debates over the nature and stability of life satisfaction continue. Life satisfaction is frequently included as an outcome or consequence variable in work-family research (Allen, Herst, Bruck, & Sutton, 2000). Reliable and valid measures of life satisfaction are available. The Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985), for example, shows good psychometric properties and has been used in a number of organizational work-family studies reviewed below (e.g., Judge, Boudreau, & Bretz, 1994).

Link:Life-Satisfaction encyclopedia