Helping Behaviors: Volunteerism and Taking Care of Kin

Author(s):

  • Hetty van Emmerik

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2005

Topic:

  • Community
  • Family
  • Social Support

Discipline:

  • Sociology

Abstract:

Traditionally, work and family were distinct research areas. Nowadays, increasing attention is paid to spillover effects of the work and home contexts. Researchers have expanded their focus to activities such as household and leisure management. Further, the work-family interface consists of the intersection of various work and family characteristics and this has direct effects on work, family, and individual outcomes. These effects may be moderated by social categories and coping resources, e.g., helping behaviors (Voydanoff, 2002). As Rotola and Wilson (2004) argue, women’s family roles are linked to helping behaviors in a number of ways and much of the time devoted to volunteer work can be seen as an extension of those roles. Consequently, changes in household composition may impact helping behaviors. This entry focuses on yet another field of activities of people: helping behaviors. Helping behaviors (i.e., behaviors as carried out to produce and maintain the well-being and integrity of others) can be considered to be a key strategy that many working families use to manage their own family responsibilities. That is, many working families depend on the helping behaviors of their friends and families to manage obligations such as transporting school age children to after school activities.

Link:Helping_Behaviors_Volunteerism encyclopedia