Gender: Work-Family Ideologies and Roles


  • Teresa J. Rothausen-Vange

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2001


  • Culture
  • Gender
  • Women
  • Work and Family


  • Business and Management


Masculine family roles (i.e., provider) and the role of ideal worker are interdependent and complementary; however, feminine family roles (i.e., available nurturer) and the role of ideal worker are independent and conflicting (Simon, 1995). The ideal worker is almost constantly available to his (her) employer. This is consistent with being the family provider, but not with being the constantly available nurturer. Therefore, women generally experience roles that are incompatible, which raises the stress of pursuing work and family roles for women (Duxbury & Higgins, 1991; Simon, 1995; Sirianni & Negrey, 2000; Williams, 2000). Men who want to be more involved in the direct care of their children may experience this same conflict, plus additional censure at the workplace because not only do they not fulfill expectations for the ideal worker, they are also not exhibiting ideal masculine characteristics (Cooper, 2000).

Link:Gender_Work encyclopedia