Flexible Work Arrangements


  • Barbara Rau

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work and Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2003


  • Business Case
  • Flexible Work Arrangements/Flexibility
  • Recruitment/Retention
  • Wellbeing


  • Business and Management


The rise of flexible work arrangements as an alternative to the standard and traditional work hours has been attributed to several changes. Kirrane (1994) identified several including demographic (e.g., aging population, increasing longevity, longer workforce participation, differences in the perceived value of work), sociocultural (more dual income and single parent families, increased hours spent at work), technological advances (e.g., computers, cell phones, wireless Internet access), business and economic (e.g., improving employee productivity, minimizing costs, downsizing) and changes in the legal environment (e.g., Family and Medical Leave Act, Equal Employment Opportunity laws, Americans with Disabilities Act). These changes have created incentives for employers to offer different benefits and established a framework to allow innovations in the traditional work arrangements to flourish.

Link:Flexible_Work_Arrangements encyclopedia