Community as a Context for the Work-Family Interface

Author(s):

  • Patricia Voydanoff

Document type: Encyclopedia Entry

Appears in: Work-Family Encyclopedia

Year: 2002

Topic:

  • Social Networks
  • Social Support
  • Wellbeing
  • Work and Family

Discipline:

  • Political Science

Abstract:

Workplaces, families, and individuals attempt to coordinate work and family opportunities and responsibilities within the context of communities. Workplaces and families are embedded in the communities in which they are located. Work, family, and individual relationships are intertwined with relationships among members of various communities. Communities may both help and hinder the efforts of work organizations, families, and individuals to enhance work-family integration. Communities are of two types: territorial and relational. For example, Phillips (1993, p. 14) defines community as, “a group of people who live in a common territory, have a common history and shared values, participate together in various activities, and have a high degree of solidarity.” Small and Supple (2001, p. 162) state that community refers to, “social relationships that individuals have based on group consensus, shared norms and values, common goals, and feelings of identification, belonging and trust.”

Link:Community_Context encyclopedia