Public Policies

Translating Discovery Science. Improving self‐efficacy in grandparents raising grandchildren: Results from a strengths‐based education intervention.

Background: Custodial grandparents often protect against childhood traumaand promote resilience in their grandchildren. In this role, grandparentsface many challenges and may lack confidence in their parenting abilities.Increasing grandparent self‐efficacy may help promote grandfamily resilience.Yet few interventions exist to help grandparents adapt to challenges faced asprimary parenting figures for grandchildren. Objective: The purpose of thisstudy was [Read More...]

2023-06-22T13:36:41-04:00June 22nd, 2023|

Gender, race-ethnicity and postdoctoral hiring in STEMM fields

As postdoctoral training has become a requirement in many STEMM fields the influence of postdoc hiring on STEMM labor force inclusion and diversity has increased, yet postdoc hiring processes have received only limited attention from researchers. Drawing on status theory and data for 769 postdoctoral recruitments, we systematically analyze the relationship between gender, race-ethnicity, and [Read More...]

2023-06-01T11:36:41-04:00June 1st, 2023|

Work-Life Flexibility Policies From a Boundary Control and Implementation Perspective: A Review and Research Framework

Although management research on work-life flexibility policies has occurred for over 40 years, it is underdeveloped with inconsistent results. We argue that this is due to theorizing that—but not measuring whether—policy use increases boundary control; a fragmented literature examining a range of policies (either individually or bundled) without comprehensive integration; and an under-examination of policy [Read More...]

2023-05-26T09:58:29-04:00May 26th, 2023|

Cars, Guns, Aging, and “Giving Up the Keys”

Background and Objectives Age-associated changes can impair abilities forsafe driving and the use of firearms. We sought to examine multipleperspectives on reducing access to firearms, including similarities anddifferences compared to reducing driving. Research Design and Methods Onlinefocus groups and 1-on-1 interviews were conducted (November 2020 to May2021) in the United States with: older adults who [Read More...]

2023-05-16T13:17:28-04:00May 16th, 2023|

Toward a Better Understanding of the Causal Effects of Role Demands on Work–Family Conflict: A Genetic Modeling Approach.

Over the past several decades, there has been considerable interest inthe theoretical causes of work–family conflict (WFC). Most studies havefocused on situational determinants, often ignoring the role of personalfactors such as disposition and heritable elements. We increase understandingof person versus situation influences on WFC through estimation of therelationship between role demands and WFC after controlling [Read More...]

2023-04-10T13:16:18-04:00April 10th, 2023|

Client Briefing for Introducing Value Management to Establish Daycare Center Guidelines for the Republic of Korea

Daycare centers are the first spaces where children develop socialrelationships and enhance their senses through public education. Despite itssignificance, marginal guidelines are provided for the design of centers inthe Republic of Korea (ROK); thus, clients have different perceptions of thepriority of functions. To bridge these gaps, in this study, guideline fordaycare center planning were established [Read More...]

2023-04-10T12:23:33-04:00April 10th, 2023|

“Anything that Benefits the Workers Should Benefit the Client”: Opportunities and Constraints in Self-Directed Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Self-directed care (SDC) models allow Home and Community Based Services(HCBS) consumers to direct their own care, thus supporting flexible,person-centered care. There are many benefits to the SDC model but access toresources is essential to successful outcomes. Considering the autonomy andflexibility associated with SDC, it is important to understand how SDCresponded to the COVID-19 pandemic and [Read More...]

2023-03-16T15:12:31-04:00March 16th, 2023|

Not in My Schoolyard: Disability Discrimination in Educational Access

Disabled people constitute the largest minority group in the United States, and disability discrimination is prohibited under federal law.Nevertheless, disability has received limited attention in the sociology of discrimination. We examine disability discrimination in an important gatekeeping interaction: access to public education. In an audit study of more than 20,000 public schools, we sent emails [Read More...]

2023-03-10T09:52:34-05:00March 10th, 2023|

Tax breaks for incentive pay, productivity and wages: Evidence from a reform in Italy.

This paper analyses the impact of a tax break on incentive pay(introduced in Law n. 208/2015) on labour productivity and average wages inItalian firms. We use a unique source of firm‐level information drawn from alarge representative survey of Italian firms merged with the ORBIS archive.By applying difference‐in‐differences methods, we obtain the followingresults. First, the tax [Read More...]

2023-02-17T14:46:07-05:00February 17th, 2023|

How Low-Paid Parents Navigate The Complex Financial Landscape Of Benefits Cliffs And Disincentive Deserts

Policy makers are concerned that benefits cliffs—the phenomenon by which low-paid workers abruptly lose public benefits as their wages increase—may disincentivize work. The related concept of disincentive deserts refers to occasions when pay increases have little or no effect on a worker’s financial well-being because of the resulting gradual reductions in public benefits. Little is [Read More...]

2023-01-16T20:25:47-05:00January 16th, 2023|
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