Personal Support Worker Socio-Demographic Differences Across Care Sectors in Canada

With the growing reliance on Personal Support Workers (PSWs) in healthcare delivery for older adults across hospital, nursing and long-term carehome, and home and community (HC) sectors, understanding the PSW labor marketis critical for healthcare human resource capacity to care for an agingpopulation. This study utilizes a longitudinal, cross-provincial,individual-level dataset of PSWs in Canada from [Read More...]

2023-03-20T13:10:38-04:00March 16th, 2023|

Subjective well-being among blue-collar immigrant employees: A systematic literature review.

We present a systematic review of 67 empirical studies that examine thefactors determining subjective well-being among blue-collar immigrantemployees. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we propose anintegrated conceptual framework that organizes antecedents of blue-collarimmigrants' subjective well-being based on resource loss and gain dynamics.Our findings indicate that resource loss was most likely when immigrantsexperienced precarious employment, [Read More...]

2022-12-14T18:37:24-05:00December 14th, 2022|

No Kids, No Care? Childlessness Among Older Americans

As the United States ages and the youngest baby boomers are now 58,  the remarkable changes American families have gone through in recent decades highlight a new phenomenon: older adults without children. Declines in marriage and fertility and increased cohabitation in the general population are starting to be reflected in the lives of aging adults. Whether by [Read More...]

2021-12-17T14:21:11-05:00December 17th, 2021|

Intergenerational Educational Mobility and Life-Course Income Trajectories in the United States

Atheoretical formulation derived from the cumulative advantage literature, that intergenerational educational mobility has enduring life-course income effects above and beyond individuals' education, is empirically tested. This formulation contrasts sharply with both the human capital model, which does not consider parental education as a determinant of children's income, and the sociological research on social mobility, which [Read More...]

2021-11-05T08:41:39-04:00November 5th, 2021|

Prototypical career paths in urban, suburban, and rural locations in the United States

Career paths are formed over time from interactions between individuals, organizations, and labor markets within and across geographic locations. What are the prototypical career paths thus formed? Who are the likely incumbents of these career paths? What are the consequences of pursuing these career paths? This study combines micro-level perspectives on personal agency and macro-level [Read More...]

2021-09-02T19:04:37-04:00September 2nd, 2021|

Narrative Continuity/Rupture: Projected Professional Futures amid Pervasive Employment Precarity

As working conditions change worldwide, employment precarity is increasing, including for groups for whom such conditions are unexpected. This study investigates how members of one such group—educationally advantaged young adults—describe their professional futures in a context of unprecedented employment precarity where their expected trajectories are no longer easily achievable. Using 75 interviews with young university [Read More...]

2021-07-09T12:30:03-04:00July 9th, 2021|

Conceptualizing Activation Policies Targeted at Single Mothers: A Case Study of Australia and the United Kingdom

Single parents are increasingly a target group for "activation" through new obligations to seek paid work or engage in education or training. Researchers commonly characterize new activation policies in terms of epochal shifts or unidirectional movements away from understanding single parents as "carers" or "mothers". This characterization downplays the degree to which the postwar welfare [Read More...]

2021-06-11T01:12:17-04:00June 11th, 2021|

Does extant work-family research generalize to African Nations? Meta-analytic tests

This study explores the question of the generalizability of extant work-family research, most of which has been conducted in Western cultural contexts, to workers in African nations. We conducted a meta-analysis of African research (55 studies, N= 16,162), comparing means for work-family conflict (WFC) and enrichment (WFE) to those same means in Western studies, finding no [Read More...]

2021-06-04T10:07:14-04:00June 4th, 2021|
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